Gender Differences For Fitness Performance Measures – Assignment Example

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@2010 AbstractThe aim of the experiment described in this report is to evaluate the relationship between gender and various parameters of fitness such as grip strength, lung capacity, hours of exercise and flexibility. The results from the experiment can be applied in various fields which include treatment of ailments such as those affecting the functions of the hand and also in the maintenance of appropriate body fitness. Hand grip strength is a significant aspect of consideration in many occupational tasks and also in general activity of the individual. The hand grip strength is determined among the 72 participants aged between 16 and 35 years by use of a Jamar dynamometer.

They were determined in two positions that is, when the hand is placed in a neutral position and when it is placed in ulnar position in an attempt to determine whether other factors affect hand grip strength in the two genders. Another factor that was determined in the experiment is lung capacity. Lung capacity is also an important determinant of the general fitness of a person. This was determined by using the balloon method.

Although lung capacity is entirely dependent on the size of the individual, whether male or female, a few factors such as ailments that affect the architecture or the volume of the air versus fluid can alter the lung capacity. Flexibility and number of hours spent in exercising were also determined. Numbers of hours spent in exercising were assessed through the use of a non-identifying questionnaire which was intended at collecting data regarding age, the average practice of the individual and the sensitivity of discomfort levels (Alter, 2004).

Gender differences for fitness performance measuresIntroductionThe aim of the experiment is to find out whether there is a relationship between gender and various parameters of fitness such as grip strength, lung capacity, hours of exercise and flexibility. Evaluation of hand strength has been applied in a broad range of clinical settings particularly during the treatment of ailments affecting the function of the hand. The data collected will thus be useful in revealing a curvilinear relationship of grip strength to age, a correlation to height, weight and important differences between occupational groups.

Hand grip strength is a significant limiting factor in several occupational tasks and also in general activity and is affected by several factors. Hand grip strength is influenced by factors such as wrist position, that is, neutral position and maximum ulnar deviation. Lung capacity is also an important determinant of the general fitness of a person. This is basically the essential function of the lung sizes and is a function of the genetic composition of a person. Breathing is one of the major body functions that generally take place with barely a conscious thought.

Apart from the genetic make up of a person and the gender of the individual, another aspect that has an impact on total lung capacity is ailment that alters the architecture or the volume of air versus fluid that can fill the lung spaces (Staff, 2006). If there is gender prevalence to these diseases then there is also a gender impact on lung capacity. The number of hours spent on exercising is another factor that affects the general body fitness. Exercising is carried out at various levels for various reasons.

Though some people exercise for fun, others make a career from exercising while others exercise to remain healthy and sustain shapely body. Men generally exercise to have fun while women exercise to loose or maintain the weight they desire. Thus the main objective or aim of this experiment is to find out the relationship between gender and the mentioned parameters of fitness that is: flexibility, hours of exercise, lung capacity and hand grip strength (Adams, 2001).

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