The paper "The Origins of World War II" is a worthy example of an assignment on history. The great depression of the 1930s throughout Europe and the U.S. resulted in mass unemployment & poverty. The high unemployment rate, lack of stable jobs and passable food supplies led many people to accept the dictatorship of totalitarians like Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Joseph Stalin. Once they had the support of the masses, the hunger for power began. Post World War I, British and U.S. had established their colonies all over the world from Asia to Africa and Pacific. The urge to rule the world brought about the Axis together once again. Hitler’s Nazi Germany, Mussolini’s Fascist Italy, The Soviet Union and the Empire of Japan signed a pact to dominate the world called ‘The Axis Pact’. The aim was to unite Germany with Russia and Japan across Eurasia to take control of the world (Eubank 2004). What were the major atrocities committed by both the Axis and the Allies? Holocaust, Nanking Massacre (Rape & Murder of Chinese civilians by Japanese army), attack at Pearl Harbour, use of Biological & Chemical weapons, Kaytn Massacre in Poland were committed by Axis. Allies crimes include the Nuclear Bombing of Hiroshima & Nagasaki, mass rape of German women by Soviet Red Army, The bombing of Dresden, Mutilation of Japanese war dead. How might some of these atrocities have been prevented? These atrocities could have been prevented if the League of Nations might have played an active role and carried out negotiations as and when required. Name and explain two long-lasting effects of World War II. As a result of WW II, the United Nations was founded. In order to tackle global conflicts and prevent incidences such as world war again. United Nations since then has played an active role in international politics and resolving issues. Another fall out of WW II was the creation of Israel. Because of the Holocaust, the Jews were given a land of their own by the United Nations as a response to the Holocaust.