Effects and the Ways to Curb the Menace – Assignment Example
This paper "Effects and the Ways to Curb the Menace" is a good example of an assignment on the law. Criminal justice system entails coordinated and interrelating components whose main aim is to ensure that justice for the offender and the complainant is achieved. The process starts with the police and all the way down to the corrections and all these stages require coordinated efforts from each partisan to ensure that justice is achieved at last.
Prisons have the obligation to protect the general society by confining the offenders in a controlled environment or other facilities that are community-based and that are humane, safe and cost-effective. These facilities help to provide opportunities that help the offenders in becoming law-abiding citizens in future. Corrections are carried out by a group of institutions that implement the orders of sentencing that are stipulated by the criminal courts. Being the last phase of criminal justice, it entails functions such as the authority of probation, jails, and the companies that carry out community correction roles, prisons as well as paroling authorities and it is worth noting that these are the principal components of corrections for criminal justice.
Overcrowding: history and policy decisions that have led to overcrowding.
There is a great population behind bars which has strained the accommodation facilities and caused overcrowding in the prisons. Such is brought about by an increase in the crimes classified as crimes of survival. These are the crimes committed with the aim of meeting the basics or sustenance of standard with an example forgery to get a job or even stealing to get something to eat. This has greatly lead to overcrowding to cells that were initially meant for one person.
In the 1970’s the war on drugs heightened by the increase of drug control agencies and aggressive actions that enforce laws like mandatory sentencing as well as no knock warrants of arrests. In the 1990s other get tough on crime laws were implemented which led to a 500%
Increase in the inmate population making the cells overcrowded making some of the inmates start fighting back.
Overcrowding is a major cause of the spread of diseases and this causes violation of the constitutional laws that the inmates need to be safe and in an appropriate living environment according to (In Hilinski-Rosick et al., 2017) This creates the need to ease the congestion by coming up with measures that will help administer justice in a different but suitable dimension that will also make the offender become a law-abiding citizen. Easing overcrowding is a collective effort that is carried out by the relevant institutions and the citizens. Among the major actions taken include proposition 36 which was aimed at restricting the application of strike laws for crimes that were nonviolent. The other effort was enacting proposition 47 which is aimed at downgrading different nonviolent felonies like possession of drugs, shoplifting or misdemeanours. These efforts have a great impact and help in the release of thousands of the inmates as well as tens of thousands of felony convictions annually.
Impacts of overcrowding.
The main cause of overcrowding is ill health to the inmates and misconduct. This may be as a result of the prisoners being housed in large open facilities that expose them to major illnesses. They also experience more assault cases than other closed prisons. This issue also affects the researchers in that the process is affected and there are difficulties in conducting a well and fully researcher controlled findings in the prison. This makes the researchers shy away from enduring the stressful environment and encounters.
The current situation.
The overcrowding problem is still a concern in the prison units in that the government is working hard to redesign the cells to accommodate more people and increase privacy in each inmate with bits of help reduce contaminations and assaults. Recent research shows that there is extreme pressure on the facilities despite the efforts aimed at reducing the risks caused by overcrowding in the prisons. There is a great need to introduce community-based alternatives that help reduce the population that are locked in the cells and for a specific period of time.