Background Information Child labor is involved with children being subjected to work in contradiction to the ILO standards, which is stipulated within the Conventions 138 and 182 (Siddiqi, 2000). It thus means that all children falling below the age of 12 engaged in any economic activities are deemed to be subjects of worst forms of labor practices. It is important to understand that while UNICEF does not in any way condemn children engaged in work since it helps with their health and development progress, it however; does not advocate for works, which interfere with their education system (Siddiqi, 2000).
Worst forms of labor involve direct enslavement of children so that they are forced into such illegal activities as prostitution, drug trafficking and also, coerced into illegal trades (Siddiqi, 2000). According to data released by UNICEF, it is estimated that at least 246 million children are subjected to child labor with more than 70%(171M) being directly engaged in hazardous working conditions that includes mining, working with chemicals and pesticides in agricultural-based areas or even handling much dangerous machineries (UNICEF, N,d). Majority of children engaged in child labor are subjected to agricultural sector with millions of girls working as domestic servants, a situation that exposes them to probable exploitation and abuse.
Millions of others work under hazardous conditions (Siddiqi, 2000). Regional statistics estimations indicate that Asia and the entire Pacific region contribute the largest number of children workers within the 5-14 age group that is to say, at least 127 million children in total (UNICEF, N,d). In the sub-Saharan Africa, the estimations indicate that over 48 million are directly engaged in the worst forms of labor.
It means that at least for every three children one of them below the age of 15 is economically engaged (UNICEF, N, d). Other notable areas for which the vice is practiced in large numbers include; Latin America and the entire Caribbean region as a whole with 17.4 million children subjected to the act while in the Middle East and North Africa account for 15% of those engaged in the heavy working areas (UNICEF, N,d). Current Practices Adopted to Resolve Child LaborThere are different perspectives and opinions that have been made in order to curb child labor practices across the world.
Some of these practices are discussed as below; First, it is proposed that effective education platforms should be set in place and the system should be made available to everyone. These education services should be made free, compulsory, and attractive to meet the desires of each potential child laborer. It is important for governments across the globe devise frameworks that guarantee a right to education. Both children and their respective parents should perceive school system as a fairer option than economical activities (Sinclair & Trah, 1991).
In essence, governments should make it certain for all children to access compulsory education. These governments should conform to international standards like the International Labor Organization (ILO) especially Conventions 132. These governments should formulate laws and penalties in order to successfully prosecute employers that exploit children. The process should be made public so that other potential exploiters re deterred from engaging in the act. A perfect example of this attribute can be seen in Brazil whereby different partners have come together to ensure that children go back to learning facilities while at the same launch crucial activities that complement their respective education prowess and promote both family and societal-based participation.