STUDENT ID WORD COUNT: 1750 WORDSFOOD HYGENE AND NUTRITION: BEST PRACTICLE PRINCPLE FOR OBESITY REDUCTION (BPPS). IntroductionObesity is one of the major global health challenges, due to its continued health risk and substantial increase in prevalence. It’s a complex condition that virtually afflicts people of all ages and, social economical groups (Saeed, 2014)1. According to a survey conducted in Austria (2011- 2012), obesity prevalence in Austrian aged above 18 years has increased progressively from 56.3% in 1995 to 62.8% in 2012 the number has progressed to 63.4% in 2017. It has also been discovered that, people living in the interior regions in Austria are more at risk of developing this condition as compared to their counterpart living in urbanized areas.
The study focuses on employing BPPS to a small community in Greenacres with a total population of 2409 individuals. Epidemiology and prevalence of obesity in Australia vary between 8.3% to 19.9% in men and 9.0% to 19.8% in women with increasing trends over time (Österreich et al. , 2015)2 the difference in prevalence percentages can be accounted for by the different activities that each of the gender is engaged in, Men were found to be more proactive as compared to women, hence the disparity.
This community is a diversified one, it comprises of people from different walks of life, occupations, and genetic traits which makes Greenacres ideal one to conduct the obesity study. According national demographics, men and women living in the interior regions of the country are more at risk of becoming obese (Deakin Uni. , 2014)3, this is in line with the data gathered during research conducted. It was discovered that, the elderly (senior citizens above the age of 45) are at risk of becoming obese as compared to the rest of the population.
Furthermore, individuals that are not proactive in terms of bodily exercise, and maintain they bodies are also at risk of developing this devastating condition. To prevent obesity in the society, the implementation setting must consider the nature of technique and their level of effectiveness. Thus, the most appropriate setting would be at the community level. For example, the principle of community engagement details different levels of community involvement in reducing the rate of obesity.
“Community engagement is particularly important as weight is considered a domestic, individual or family issues, it can be emotive and associated with stigmatization” (King at al. , 2009)4. Community engagement many be realized in different ways which include, involving the community at the agency level, and community participation through lay community members or people from the target group. Other elements of community engagement are available to all in the community, even the inaccessible groups (hard to reach groups) this is one of the most effective community elements in principle of community engagement. Secondly, implementation setting considers the community geographic and demographic and organizational characteristic, as well as its assets and interests (King et al. , 2009)4.
This is referred to as community analysis to inform planning, the analysis conducted is aimed at deducting relevant data concerning obesity. “The level of overweight and obesity as well as the prevalence of risk factors for weight gain vary significantly within different geographic and demographic groups within Australia” (King et al, 2009)4. Some of the factors include the day to day involvement of the persons in the community ranging from means of transportation, leisure activities, specific behavior (extend of cycling), social-cultural attitudes regarding food, and physical activity.