5/01/09IntroductionCare giving profession is complicated and the stakeholders face numerous challenges regardless of their position in care giving. Research had been conducted in care giving and health care arena by various researchers in an attempt to improve or demystify various issues in the sector. The research methodology is very important in adding value and validating results in a research study. In this paper the research article by Mat Lundstrom et al. will be reviewed and criticized. This will look at the strengths of the research, limitation and suggestion of other methods suitable for future research on care giving of people with learning disability. The research uses questionnaires as the sole data collection method and this paper suggests observation and interviews as appropriate in strengthening the research findings.
Analysis of data was done quantitatively and other methods including Giorgi’s methodology has been put forward in this paper for further research. This paper is a critique review of the research article; “Prevalence of violence and its relation to caregivers’ demographics and emotional reactions” by Mat Lundstrom et al. The research will be criticized in details through quantitative research critique techniques.
This critique will focus on both the weakness and the strengths of the research based on the following components: Definition of the research problemLiterature reviewThe research designData collection strategiesData analysis strategiesInterpretation of the result findingEthical considerationMethodological approachResearch is essential in every aspect of life. In provision of care especially health care provision, various researches have been carried out in improving and demystifying the care provision in the care giving profession. Various research methods are applied depending on the type of research and the aim of the research.
Both qualitative and quantitative research methods have been widely used in care giving research. These two methods of research can contribute to useful knowledge in care giving especially for people with learning disability. In research it has become useful to use multidimensional research that includes both qualitative and quantitative research techniques. Therefore the polarization of this two research methods is no longer in existence and one cannot entirely work on its own. In the research article by Lundstrom, quantitative research was used and analysis performed through various statistical analyses which are entirely qualitative.
In the research, all the variables were dependent except for one daytime which was the only dependent variable. This research method is focused on statistical data available or acquired. In the research by Lundstrom, questionnaires were given to registered nurses, assistant nurses and nurses’ aides. Other care givers who were not directly care givers but were employed in the group homes such as paramedical staff, cleaners and cooks as well as administrators were exempted from the study. The questions were not open ended as they were semi structured hence guided the participant in the kind of the response he or she should provide.
This is one of the weaknesses of this research methodology which uses closed ended questionnaires as it limits the care givers on telling stories about the challenges they face in providing care to residents which may also be useful in drawing out conclusions. The questionnaires used in this research were not designed purposely for this study as they had been developed for investigation of community based care for the elderly which might have great influence on the results.