There are a number of occupations that are categorized under social science. Many changes occur in the day to day life and thus other fields are likely to sprout or come up to serve given purpose. Examples of fields that fall under social science as opposed to other sciences like natural sciences include sociology, anthropology, archeology, political science, geography and history. The list highlighted here may not be exclusive. Before endeavoring to establish the connection between these fields with research methods, it would be of great importance to understand what each field entails and hence establish their point of connect.
What follows is that it would be very well thought to look at what particular information each social science requires or uses and how it uses it or in what form it is used to aid in decision making in that particular field. On the other hand, research methods must be able to provide the information or help in putting the information already available to the social scientist in a better fashion that will aid in the decision making process. Or it may provide the tools needed to gather the information.
One huge step towards achieving this is to understand the principles by which projects in the social sciences are devised and executed (Chris 1995). Overview of Research MethodsGenerally, the field of research methods is an intermarriage of the scientific method with research. It entails carrying out a diligent inquiry or a critical examination of a given phenomenon following a rigorous impersonal mode of procedure without overlooking the demands of logic while making conclusions (Russell 2001). This implies that it is involved with collection, analysis, and interpretation of data systematically to arrive at an effective solution to problems.
The whole process is referred to as research process and its main goal is to generate new knowledge. It may take any or a combination of three main structures. One is that the research may be an exploratory research whose aim is to structure and identify emerging or new problems. If it takes the form of a constructive research, it will attempt to develop answers to the identified problems. Thirdly, the process may be of the form of an empirical research where it aims at testing how feasible an identified solution is.
This is arrived at by use of empirical evidence. Overview of Social Science and it connection with Research MethodsSocial scientists are concerned with the study of all aspects of society—from historical events and accomplishments to human behavior and associations among groups. The research they carry out provides clear perceptions into the diverse ways individuals and groups as well as institutions make decisions, use power, and act in response to change. In the course of their studies and investigations, social scientists give suggestions that can act as solutions to social, business problems, and individual dilemmas, governmental and environmental problems.
In fact, many social scientists are engaged in policy analysis for both the government and private organizations. Consider, for instance, anthropologists who make use of the scientific (objective) as well as the interpretive (or subjective) methods in the diverse researches they carry out. As scientists social scientists (for instance anthropologists) methodically collect information to offer response specific research questions. They furthermore put their work into documentation their work so that other researchers can benefit from it.
Other researchers in the field of anthropology also conduct diverse kinds of informal research where they do impromptu discussions with the people they study while observing them. In these tasks, they must employ various types of anthropological research methods including analyzing how the people they study interact with their respective environments. They also carry out linguistic analysis; they analyze human biology, do archeological analysis in addition to immersion in culture. This is an area in the life of the social scientist where research methods comes in as a powerful tool to enable thorough understanding and interpretation of the information collected from the field and allow comparison with existing data if any hence aid in the process of decision making.