Understanding human beingsThough there has been a lot of research on human development, everyone can agree that human mind grow and change as one progresses from a child to an adult. Psychology as a field has been gaining much interest in studying the changes that are age related in thinking, behaviour, personality and emotions, a term referred to as human development (Boyd & Bee 2005). Use of self is very essential in social work practice as it combines the values, skills and knowledge which are acquired through education with the features of one’s personal self such as systems of beliefs, personality traits, cultural heritage and life experiences.
This makes it an important tool in human development where the social workers are able to achieve genuineness with their clients and also honour the ethic and values in social work practice (Dewane 2006). Psychosocial skills and resources are also useful in human development as they allow people to relate, interact with, perceive and influence others. The psychosocial skills need to be combined with communication skills to enable proper interaction with others and function in a way that is socially meaningful (Edwards & Bess 1998). Providing a universal way to which human develop is a complex task.
There are various theories that explain the development of human. This essay applies the Erickson’s psychosocial crisis stages in human development theory in the analysis Luke’s case. Luke has undergone six stages of the eight stages of Erickson’s theory of human development. These psychosocial crisis stages include the trust versus mistrust which is infancy, autonomy versus shame and doubt which is early childhood, initiative versus guilt referred to as play stage of life, industry versus inferiority which is the school age, identity versus role confusion referred to as adolescence, intimacy versus isolation referred to as young adult and generativity versus stagnation which is referred to as adulthood and finally, integrity versus despair which is mature stage of life (Chapman 2011).
Erickson states that each person has to experience the eight stages of psychosocial crises which are responsible for defining one’s personality and growth. Of the eight psychosocial stages, each of them is characterised by a conflict that is said to be between two opposing attitudes or positions.
Luke’s condition can be understood by analysing the six psychosocial crisis stages that he has undergone throughout his life (Chapman, 2011). From the infant stage of life a healthy balance between the child’s trust and mistrust may be developed if the child is cared for and fed properly. If a child is neglected or abused, the child’s trust will be destroyed and mistrust will be fostered. On the other hand, if the child is protected from any or all feelings of normality and surprise, this also lead to a false sense of trust which could result into sensory distortion.
This results to failure to accept or appreciate the reality. In Luke’s case, his mother describes him as changing from a ‘lovely boy’ to a ‘loner’. This condition may have originated from the infant stage by being protected from all feelings of normality and surprise by her mother making him not to appreciate the reality (Crittenden 1985).