Leisure definitionFor something to be considered leisure it has to satisfy three major requisites which are: freedom of choice, intrinsic motivation and should be enjoyable in anticipation, participation or in recollection. An important aspect for leisure is the freedom of choice. For something to be freely chosen it generally requires time, or more importantly spare time. However it is not always possible to have spare time for leisure because we are governed by time. Since every day we have various commitments to undertake, it is only when one is through with daily chores that he/she can think of leisure (Godbey, 2007).
But this doesn’t have to be the case and leisure should be allocated time just other day-to-day chores. Leisure is different for each culture and even the people within each culture. In most cases people which high income are the ones who have leisure because leisure in most cases comes with some form of spending. In essence leisure should be available to all but it seems that leisure is only available to specific people. In my own view intrinsic motivation is an important aspect of leisure and has been used in explanations of leisure fulfillment and health.
An activity is likely to be experienced as leisure when such activity is intrinsically motivated and the rewards are from the participation as a result of engaging in leisure activity. If leisure activity is engaged in chiefly because of external rewards, it is motivated by outside factors and is less likely to be experienced as leisure (Bull et al. , 2003). It is evident that majority of the people will tend to be intrinsically motivated if there are free to choose situations and how they behave.
In the event that people’s motivation is out of other factors, they tend to search for challenges as well as internal psychological rewards from their need for self-determination and competence. Additionally, other sources of extrinsic motivation may emerge as a result of imposed goals, punishments, deadlines as well as penalties (Godbey, 2007). Social scientists argue that if an originally intrinsically motivated activity is then extrinsically rewarded. When people are rewarded or obligated to travel, play games or volunteer, their behavior can become over justified (Godbey, 2007). History of leisure and its evolutionSeveral periods in history had a different perspective and approach to leisure which include: Hunter-gatherer societies which denotes a time where there was no distinction between work and leisure.
On the other hand, during the Greek period, leisure was available to those with spare time. During the Roman period, leisure was seen as a time for preparation of the following days work. In the Middle Ages leisure time was less evident for the lower peoples of the society like serfs while during the industrial Revolution a distinction of leisure and work began to emerge.
In modern world, we have industrialization which has improved transport and mechanization of most chores (Bull et al. , 2003). This has reduced the amount of hours spend by man while working and created time for him to allocate to leisure.