IntroductionInterpretation and analysis are two controversial terms in search for meaning. Many scholars are involved in the search for meaning in either objective or subjective way and both ways attract diverse judgments. However, analysis and interpretation are open to dissent views especially for texts, which have words or idiomatic expressions that speak its meaning. Interpretation and analysis of a text, therefore, may include; understanding the author, environment and purpose in content, conversation, discourse analysis and interpretation. In this paper I have selected five texts for a matter of analysis.
The texts are from history of linguistic and there is a visual text in form of a poster. The five texts are different in their tenor and mode dimensions and thus can fit to be used in teaching English. These texts are; Historical Linguistics by Jasanoff Jay Introduction to Computational Linguistics General Introduction by Jan-Philipp S¨ohn, Ideology, Power, and Linguistic Theory by Pullum Geoffrey K. Pragmatics and Computational Linguistics by Jurafsky Dan A poster (n. d) from http: //www. ncsu. edu/project/posters/examples/example10.htmlHistorical Linguistics by Jay JasanoffThis article, which is gotten from jay Jasanoff website, is a pure text written in a descriptive manner.
The article is written in stages flowing from introduction, where he introduces the concept of historical linguistics, to the end. Although the article has no definite conclusion, the author suggests some more references thus marking the end of his thoughts, regarding the subject he was dealing with. The structure of the article is informal with the topic and subtopics, but hangs for the lack of a conclusion. The first part, although is not marked so, is introduction which introduces the topic and tells the reader what to expect in the rest of the paper.
This is done by providing a thesis statement. This part is crucial as it welcomes the reader into the article and tries to shed some light on the content of the paper. This part has also given some light on the structure of the paper as the writer hints that at the end of the paper there will be a provision of further reading suggestions. The subtopicsThe article has subtopics which deal with specific subjects and this way the article is split into understandable portions.
These portions, in an article, give the reader a clear flow of the subject matter of the article. This avoids contradiction and mix of ideas and therefore even the writer will get to assess the level of coverage of the subject matter. Mode of the textFor the purpose of mode, which involves symbolic organization of the text, it has symbols which emphasize voices and a variety of typefaces. All these features reinforce the scientific nature of the text. These are essential in linguistics which is a one of the discipline that claims to be scientific in nature (Halliday, McIntosh, & Strevens, 1964). In terms of tenor, the article is very clear that the writer must be an informer, a teacher who is trying to demonstrate the topic to learners.
That is why it uses an authoritative language and formal way of presentation. This is also evident because the author has suggested more reading materials for the reader who may require more information regarding the subject matter. This way the writer is depicted as a knowledgeable person who is more informed than the reader.
This is important for the reader to be confident that whatever he or she is reading comes from a person of authority in the field and that the material can be relied on for knowledge (Halliday & Hasan, 1985).