The paper " An Aspect of the Career by Roger B Taney ' is a good example of an article on history. Roger Brooke Taney was the controversial fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States whose name is most famously associated with the Dred Scott case of 1857. In this case, a black slave called Dred Scott sued for his freedom. The case came on appeal before the Chief Justice who deemed it unconstitutional because Scott was the descendant of slaves and therefore not a citizen. He is reputed to have made the following contradictory and inflammatory remarks: “ All blacks- slaves or not - are not and never can be citizens. ” “ Slavery is a blot on our national character, and every real lover of freedom confidently hopes that it will be effectual, though it must be gradually, wiped away” These statements made in connection with the ruling of the Chief Justice in Scott vs.
Sanford added fuel to the incendiary passions leading to the start of the American Civil War, setting North against South. Chief Justice Roger B.
Taney’ s ruling in Scott vs. Sanford continues to stand out starkly in the annals of the Supreme Court and the political history of the Civil War and the abolitionist movement. This paper focuses on the career of Roger. B. Taney. Born on March 17, 1777, in Calvert County, Maryland into a Catholic plantation family Roger Taney was privately educated at home in his early years. His family was of English origin. Later he studied at Dickensian College in Carlisle, Pa, and law in Annapolis. Taney married Anne Key in 1806. Anne Key was the sister of Francis Scott Key, a classmate of Taney at law school and she was a girl from a refined and prestigious family.
Taney was considered a good speaker and a strong man to stand up for what he believed in. His political ambitions were fed by his father. A lawyer called Jeremiah Chase was Taney’ s first employer after he was admitted into the bar in 1799. Taney came to be a leader of the Federalists, a group that was strongly in favor of a powerful central government and weaker states.
The Taney Court –Justices, Rulings and Legacy by Timothy S. Huebner ABC-CLIO 10/2003
A History of the Supreme Court by Bernard Schwartz Oxford University Press 1993