Teacher: January 4, 2008UniversityBackground of Indian Migration to UK: Migration has been a problem for all developed countries like America and UK for the past few decades. More and more people have been migrating from their countries, mainly because of unemployment. UK has also seen an increased rate of migration for the past few decades. Most of these people are of Indian origin. The following essay is about the problems likely to be faced by a Hindu family of six, which has migrated to UK from India. Hinduism: Hinduism is the major religion of India.
It is one of the oldest religions of world. Hinduism is, in a sense, similar to Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism. But most Hindu people do not accept that the three religions are somehow interconnected, and tend to believe that Hindu concepts are different from all other religions of the world, and the similarities are because these religions have been derived from Hinduism itself. (Tannen, Deborah 1991)There are many different schools of thought in Hinduism; the main one being that a Hindu is that person who is looking for spiritual and ethical knowledge is a Hindu.
Hinduism is based on the Dharma concept. Norman Desoza Crowe, (1989), stated that Dharma is a word taken for right ethical action, morality, and spiritual knowledge. In fact, the main similarity between Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism is the concept of Dharma. (p464)The most intellectual school of thought in Hinduism is Vedanta, more commonly known as Brahman. Hindus belonging to the Brahman school of thought mainly believe in three deities; Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma. In fact, Brahma is the main originator of Brahman school of thought in Hinduism.
Other mainly worshiped Hindu deities are Shakti and Ganesh. Brahman, in Hinduism, may also choose to come to Earth in the form of an Avatar. The most famous Avatars of Vishnu are Rama and Krishna. (Wilson, Elisabeth -2001)It should be mentioned that Hindus can choose any deity they like, ranging from Vishnu, Shakti, Kali and Brahma to Ganesh and Shiva. Hindus show devotion to their deities in a number of ways including chanting, worshipping and pilgrimage to sacred sites related to their particular deity. Hindu worships are all grouped under a separate Hindu philosophy, which is known as Mimamsa.
It normally consists of following forms of worship: Nitya; concerned with daily actions Naimittika; concerned with special occasions and the actions performed at that timeKamya; Voluntary actions, rooted to the desire of worshipperThere are three types of rituals used to fulfill these actions: Yajna; involving fires and sacrificesPuja; involving offerings like food and flowersDhyana; involving meditationYajna takes place at special occasions like marriage. During Yajna, a fire is started and things of sacred value are sacrificed in it. Puja can be performed either in a temple, or at home by the head of the family.
It involves the offerings of incense, food and flowers at a statue or picture of the diety, followed by singing, chanting and waving lamps in front of the image. (Wilson, Elisabeth -2001)