Pulsed Shortwave Treatment in Women with Knee Osteoarthritis: A Multicenter, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial – Article Example
The paper "Pulsed Shortwave Treatment in Women with Knee Osteoarthritis: A Multicenter, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial" is a worthy example of an article review on health sciences&medicine.
Osteoarthritis – the degeneration and inflammation of joints resulting in loss of cartilage, bone sclerosis, and formation of bone cysts and marginal osteophytes – is believed to be a leading cause of the reduction in the quality of life. Thus, there is a need for osteoarthritis to be addressed, and although there have been several forms of treatment for osteoarthritis, little is known about the pulsed shortwave treatment, and so the study was conducted to find out more about the effects of PSW treatment in different doses.
The participants were 121 women of the mean age of 60 and diagnosed with joint or knee pain for at least 3 months. Those excluded had a history of knee surgery, physical therapy, medication, and those who presented contraindications for PSW treatment.
There was a control group of 35 participants, 23 for the placebo treatment, 32 for low dose PSW treatment, and 31 for a high dose treatment. The pain was assessed before, immediately after and 12 months after the treatment, through Knee Osteoarthritis Outcome Score and the 11-point numerical pain rating scale.
Results showed that pain was significantly reduced with low and high doses of PSW treatment. Low and high doses of PSW treatment had similar effects but the former seemed to be more effective in the long run. This means that PSW treatment is effective against osteoarthritis.