Oppositional Defiant Disorder – Article Example
The paper "Oppositional Defiant Disorder" is a great example of a psychology article review. ADHD and ODD are not diagnosed until when children reach school going age. However, the symptoms of these disorders can start emerging during preschool years. This article examines how to use preschool behaviors as a way of diagnosing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Opposition Defiant Disorder. The research had 168 participants who were at the age of three years and were followed for 3 years (Harvey, Youngwirth, Thakar & Errazuriz, 2009).
The research used four methods which included a parent completed a diagnostic interview. Here, primary caregivers were interviewed. Children were also rated by their parents and teachers after carefully observing their behavior. Attention problems, aggression and hyperactivity were used to rate the children. The last method used was a videotaped assessment of the participants. The participants were videotaped during their interactions with their parents and during cognitive testing. The last method involved clinicians who diagnosed ADHD and ODD according to the ratings and interviews described above (Harvey et al, 2009).
The study was able to employ various behavior assessment methods to predict children who suffered from ADHD and ODD during pre-school years. The research was 76% accurate for ADHD and 67% for ODD. Although the majority of those children who were predicted to have ADHD or ODD were diagnosed with the problems 3 years later, a good number did not. 27% for ADHD and 42% for ODD were not diagnosed with the disorders (Harvey et al, 2009).
There needs to be a balanced approach to identifying and treating ADHD and ODD disorders. The method should not label these children as abnormal as this might have a negative effect on them. Treatment should be majorly based on psychological interventions (Harvey et al, 2009). Further research should look at other factors such as family variables to predict ODD.
The research raises several questions. How should parents be empowered to use behavior assessment tools as a way of determining whether their children suffer from ADHD or ODD? Should ADHD and ODD be diagnosed earlier if the behavior assessment results diagnose a child with one of these disorders?