Nurses always have to make clinically sound decisions that are within the ethical and legal frameworks to ensure professional care for patients. The professional code of practice stipulates that nurses have to make ethical decisions and take ethical steps in line with their work. The code of practice in nursing and healthcare profession calls for raising healthcare standards. This means that they always have to ensure that the standards that are set in any healthcare set up are quite ethical. This paper is all about legal and ethical principles to nursing practice.
(Bridgit, 2005)There are various values that are linked to ethics in healthcare. They include autonomy, confidentiality, truth telling and informed consent. Analysis of the healthcare industry shows that dilemas normally occur in relation to the above named ethical issues. Nurses always have to make right decisions even in the event of such dilemas occuring in their line of duty. Dilemmas of truth telling and confidentiality are quite common in healthcare set ups. This normally arises because the patient has the overall right to know about his or her health status. On the other hand, the nurse has the overall duty of care and maintaining confidentiality.
This normally happens where even close relatives of the patient demand to know more about their relative’s health. Such situations call for wisdom and vast knowledge on ethical principles in medical field. Non maleficence is also one othe ethical vaules that is found in the medical field. In this ethical principle, it is a requirement that physicians or medical practitioners don’t describe any medicine that may be harmful to the patient. This is especially when the physicians know very well that the medicine prescribed is not safe for the patientNurses also have to be responsible and accountable in line with their overall roles.
In this case nurses have the obligation of ensuring that they provide safe and competent care to patients. They also have the overall right to decline participation in procedures that are against their conscience in the moral sense. (Johnstone, 1998)In such a case they have to ensure that the safety of the patient is not compromised. In case there is an unsafe practice then they have to report the matter.
Nurses also have to promote aspects that enhance the patient’s well being. These include an environment that is ecologically sustainable. They have to value social, economic and environmental ethics. All these promote good health in people. (Quinn, 2006)Veracity or truthfullness governs nurses actions as one of the ethical principles that has to be considered in any action taken they take. Doctors, nurses and other medical practitioners are normally required to speak the truth concerning their actions. This means that any action taken by a nurse or doctor in relation to attending to a patient.
The truth has to be said at all times. Any information concerning a patient’s treatment that is given by a doctor that is not the truth is considered unethical. Conflicts between veracity and non maleficence are very common in the nursing sector. As earlier on illustrated, non maleficence is all about not giving any harmful prescription to a patient. On the other hand veracity principle demands that nurses speak the truth even concerning their care and prescriptions that they give to patients.