The Emotional Effects of Violations of Causality, or How to Make a Square Amusing, - the Comical Effect Achieved Is Directly Proportional to the Incongruence between Cause – Article Example
Making a square amusing ‘The emotional effects of violations of causality, or how to make a square amusing’ is a research report that was authored by Bressanelli Daniela and was published on 2 March 2012. This paper seeks to offer a summary of the report.
Preliminary publications indicated that comic is an effect of observations made, as was held by Koestler. Such preliminary information has however focused on features of factors that instigate humor. The effects of such factors on humor have however remained unexplored. Literature has also established that humor is a response to an occurrence. Further, relationship between an induced comic effect and the factor to the comic in terms of psychological and mechanical factors has been established. A close relationship between psychological and mechanical elements induces higher degree of comic effect as opposed to conflicting relationship between the two (Bressanelli, p. 2).
The article seeks to investigate the effects of incongruence in phenomenon on humor. It therefore established its base on causal effect. The experiment used two variables, ‘animacy’ and comic. While comic is the dependent variable, ‘animacy’ is the independent variable. This means that the observations made with respect to comic effect relies on developed perceptions from the used animation. The established hypothesis to be tested in the research is that ‘the comical effect achieved is directly proportional to the incongruence between cause and effect’. The research further hypothesized that the degree of comical effect is enhanced by use of animation. The alternative hypothesis for the research would therefore be the statement that ‘the degree of comical effect is not directly proportional to the incongruence between cause and effect’ (Bressanelli, p. 2).
The research adopted an experimental design in which involved motions and animated reactions of squares. The presentation was then separately made to individuals who were then asked to describe their perception of the developed comic effect and the used animation. The responses were then rated and normalized. The participants in the experiment were a sample of people who were randomly selected. The experimental set up involved an independent and random presentation of the animation to the participants and collection of the participants’ perceptions for analysis (Bressanelli, p. p. 2, 3).
The participants’ responses identified a high level off ambiguity as participants either perceived the animations to be psychological or mechanical. The participants’ responses further identified a general linear trend between animation and comic effect. The relationship was precisely positive. This relationship was clearly made using a scatter plot. The graphs for individual participants showed the positive linear trend for both animation and the comic effect and a linear relationship between the two variables (Bressanelli, p. 3, 4).
The results of the study supported the existing literature that comic effect is dependent on causal effect. This is because of the established linear model that supports a positive relationship as shown bellow,
C= - 0.06 + 0.4 a
where c and a represents comic effect and animation effect respectively.
The results of the experiment therefore mean that animation can be used to generate comic effect for application in arts and communication skills. The lack of research on the subject raises questions over the importance of the identified relationship between animation and comic effect. Further research should therefore be conducted to investigate the relevance of this relationship in real life experience (Bressanelli, p. 4).
Bressanelli, Daniela. “The emotional effects of violations of causality, or how to make a square amusing.” I- perception. Vol 3. 146- 149. 2 March 2012. Web. 24 April 2012. < http://i-perception.perceptionweb.com/fulltext/i03/i0465sas.pdf >