The paper "Human Aspects of Human Aging" is a delightful example of an article on anthropology. Human aging is a concept that has been analyzed by anthropologists based on various aspects. This is because the process of human aging comes with several changes. While these changes are related with respect to aging, they vary from human to human. Not all humans who are aged can experience the same changes at the same age. While some humans may remain vital and active at 90, some are extremely frail at 60.
In addition, some older people have similar cognitive abilities to younger people while other people demonstrate significant deficits in their cognitive functioning. Even with these differences, the general changes that occur among aging individuals are constant. This paper shall analyze two articles on human aspects of human aging. The first article by Lata and Alia (2007) is about the physiological aspects of aging while the second article by Brickman and Stern (2009) is about aging and memory in humans. Article 1: Ageing: Physiological Aspects. By Lata and Alia (2007) Summary Aging is defined as a continuous and irreversible reduction in the efficiency of several physiological processes when life’ s reproductive phase is over.
In the process of aging, there are various diseases that affect the aged and also contribute to the reduced efficiency of operation. While understanding the etiology of aging is an important factor, there lies a difference between the physiological changes that are associated with diseases to those that are normal. The changes experienced by an individual vary from person to person; with others having a rapid change while others having a dramatic change.
Physiological changes that occur include changes in the various biological systems of the body, including the skin, the cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system among others. These changes have their effects on the normal operation of the body, affecting one’ s intelligence, their ability to learn and memorize and even affecting an individual’ s personality. These changes are caused by various biological changes in the body of an individual with age. During the change of the cardio-vascular system, various changes occur in the heart of an individual. This includes atrophy of muscles of the heart, heart valves begin to undergo calcification and artery walls lose their elasticity.
This causes a reduction in blood flow and this is the reason one experiences less stamina, less hepatic and renal function and reduced cellular nourishment. In addition, the respiratory systems of individuals begin to change. This is caused by a loss of elasticity in the lung tissue and the airways. Cilia activity is also reduced as well as the uptake and exchange of oxygen. This affects the ability to take a deep breath, release carbon dioxide and to cough.
This also causes low stamina and high cases of fatigue.