INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS - HOW REALISM EXPLAINS THE EVOLUTION OF THE EUROPEAN UNIONINTRODUCTIONEvery organized community acts on their interests and on preferences that may be good or bad in ethical terms. The propensity to act on honorable motives cannot itself represent the criteria for judging the polity’s normative quality because they may very well be arbitrary. A policy based on good intentions may very well neglect others’ interests or values or fail to give them due consideration. A robust criterion can only be derived from the constraints set by ‘international law’, here taken to mean the cosmopolitan law of the people that depicts a possible community based on certain universal principles.
From this perspective, it is only by subjecting its actions to a higher ranking law – to human rights and criteria of justice–that the EU can qualify in normative terms. In the perspective of the reaction of European countries to globalization such a method has scrupulous complicatedness in grasping the varying character of the European Union for the period of this route. The utilization of the theory of realism explains the adaptive methods in a condition landscape, which helps re-frame this procedure, and enables a supplementary sufficient explanation. I suggest as a criterion of a legitimate foreign policy that the EU does not aspire to become a world organization – a world state – but subscribes to the principles of human rights, democracy and rule of law also for dealing with international affairs, hence underscoring the cosmopolitan law of the people. 2 In such a per- spective the borders of the EU are to be drawn both with regard to what is required for the Union itself in order to be a self-sustainable and well-functioning democratic entity and with regard to the support and further development of similar regional associations in the rest of the world.
‘Force’ is far too dull a notion to imprison these composite development. Rather the theory of realism of the international politics helps us capture the essence of this evolvement of the European union. The second key donation of realism theory to examination of social transformation is all the way through the re-framing and expansion of the perception of path dependency. BACKGROUNDThe theory of realism captures this method superior than that of impact.
Supplementary, globalization does not just take action on the European Union, but this polity is itself component of a procedure of producing globalization, for example in its function in re-negotiating global deal regulations. The realism theory clarifies the compound variation of arrangements of European states, the European Union and the universal whole. surrounded by a altering global setting, the European Union has augmented its authority over the directive of the wealth, while the associate States have condensed theirs.
The quest for institutional underpinning pertains to the problem of the present world order regarding human rights politics: as long as human rights are not properly institutionalized, when they exist merely as moral rights, they can be used at will. Human rights politics can easily become imperialistic in the name of morality and the risk of arbitrariness is inevitable as some may continue to violate human rights with impunity. What is at stake with human rights protection and the institutionalization of human rights beyond the nation state is the sovereignty of the modern state as laid down in the Westphalian order in 1648.