January 28, 2008University: Health promotion and educationHealth promotion is termed as relatively a new subject of professional and research activity. World Health Organization has been active and dynamic in its activities for popularizing, conceptualizing and framing the global development of this area. In fact World Health Organization has now been active for a long time. It developed, in the year 1986, Ottawa Charter particularly aimed at health promotion, a project as an initiative in which governments and organizations are in a better position to establish via change in policy favorable to healthy choices and health.
(Harris R, 2003)Many governments worldwide particularly in developed countries have developed a variety of national health targets and goals for the purpose of viewing to motivate and inspire practitioners of health promotion for working towards objectives of decreasing high risk elements and preventive programs. (Engelgau MM. 2001) These goals and targets emphasize programs of health promotions as a methodology of creating and developing much healthier society. (Commonwealth Department of Human Services and Health, (CDHSH), 2004)Man y authors perceive health education and health promotion as interchangeable concepts. They suggest that concept of health education is able for the usage of educational strategies to approach health related alterations while health promotion is a blend of strategies including political changes and health education aimed to develop public health.
(Koopman RJ. 2004) Some of these alterations are associated with concerns regarding genetic predisposition about a variety of disease-awareness and proposition for health promotion and also regarding increasing apprehensions about globalization that is fuelling an wave of diet linked diseases around the world via development of energy-solid diets and foodstuffs.
(Giles-Corti, 2004)Governments around the world have developed policies and procedures for national targets and goals for using different theories of health promotion. Some of these theories have been used for studying behavioral alterations while others have become a source of development from standards of communication theory. (Koopman RJ. 2004) Health promotion being as applied science has tend to develop its theoretical basis by borrowing from Social Psychology, Sociology, Behavioral Psychology, Anthropology, Social Marketing and communication. (Harris R, 2003)World Health Organization terms health promotion as a blend of economic, educational and political activities that are primarily formulated with consumer contribution.
(Engelgau MM. 2001) Though, all health promotion theories are focused as determinants of health. All such determinants divulge different elements that interact strongly to create an impact on the health of a person or population. (Koopman RJ. 2004) Some of these elements are; Biological factors like genetics and aging; environment; lifestyle; economic and social factors; access and usage of health services. (Harris R, 2003)DiabetesDiabetes can be defined as a disorder of metabolism-the manner in which our bodies digest food for energy and growth.
Majority of the food that we eat is ultimately broken into glucose, being sugar form in blood. (Edelman D, 2006) Glucose is termed as the major fuel source for body. Glucose, after digestion, bypass into bloodstream. In bloodstream it is then used by cells for energy and growth. Insulin must be present for glucose to go into cells. Insulin is in fact a hormone that is produced by pancreas which is a sizeable gland at the rear of stomach. (Harris R, 2003)