The paper “ Depression in Adults with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - the Mediating Role of Cognitive-Behavioral Factors by Knouse et al" is an intriguing example of an article on psychology. The article by Knouse, Safren, and Zvorsky (2013) provides detailed information on how adults with ADHD are prone to having depressive disorders. However, the main purpose for them to write this article was to create awareness on what should be done in order to reduce the chances of adults with ADHD from suffering from depressive disorders. For instance, they found out that cognitive-behavioral constructs aid in the treatment of depression.
On the other hand, they found out that dysfunctional attitudes, as well as avoidance of cognitive-behavioral constructs, led to the advancement of depressive disorders in adults suffering from ADHD. In testing their hypothesis, they used 77 adults who were identified clinically to be suffering from ADHD is not only filling in their self-report questionnaires but also carrying out diagnostic interviews. To gather more information on their hypothesis, they also requested clinicians to carry out symptom scale rating on the same 77 adults.
They analyzed their findings via the aid of statistical mediation analysis. “ Additionally, they used bootstrap analysis and bias-corrected confidence intervals in assessing the indirect effects of dysfunctional attitudes and cognitive-behavioral constructs” (Knouse et al. , 2013). According to their tests and analysis, dysfunctional attitudes, as well as cognitive-behavioral avoidance, leading to the emergence of depressive symptoms in adults suffering from ADHD. The two variables mediate each other in impacting depressive symptoms in patients; they not only overlap but also have unique variance. According to their findings, it is also evident that cognitive-behavioral avoidance accounts more for depressive symptoms than dysfunctional attitudes.
According to Knouse et al. ’ hypothesis, negative thoughts, feelings, and processes associated cognitive behavior therapy contribute to increasing of depressive symptoms in adults suffering from ADHD. To combat problems associated with ADHD, it is crucial for appropriate treatment to be administered on the victims. For instance, it will be crucial for one to develop more balanced and constructive ways that could respond to the stressors. Additionally, it will be crucial for one to do away with the troubling behavior.
Many adults in society suffer from ADHD, and this is evidenced by their behavior. For instance, a majority of them appear disorganized, careless, and full of marital problems. Some also have problems in not only controlling their anger but also meeting crucial obligations in life. Unfortunately, they are part and parcel of our society, and we have to cope up with them. From Knouse et al. ’ s findings, it is crucial for a society to try as much as possible to avoid doing some things that could trigger a negative reaction from victims of ADHD.
For instance, it is crucial for society members to accept adult suffering from ADHD the way they are and try as much as possible to create a joyful environment for them. Creation of a joyful environment will not only aid in controlling their negative feelings but also doing away with their negative thoughts about life. It is also crucial for the society members to ensure that the victim of ADHD takes part in serious exercise; victims of ADHD occasionally find it hard to exercise. From Knouse et al. ’ s findings, it is evident that plenty of exercises will aid in not only refresh the brain but also motivate individuals suffering from this problem.
Additionally, it is crucial for society members to ensure that persons suffering from ADHD do not involve themselves in strenuous activities.