The paper "A Framework for Teaching Learning: the Dynamics of Disposition by Claxton G and Carr M' is a wonderful example of an article on education. The review begins with the introduction that acquaints the reader with the two researchers who have written the paper – Guy Claxton and Margaret Carr. It also acquaints the reader with the basic construct of the paper to help him or she find an easy way through the critique. The review goes on to examine in what sense the two researchers have posited learning environments and valued responses and finds that a most conducive environment is one that generates a general disposition to learn in children.
This is considered much better than simply generating specific learning dispositions that can only help in the acquisition of specific packets of knowledge while a general disposition to learn can enable a child from its earliest years to embark on a learning trajectory that is eclectic and sustainable. The review also points out that the paper is in response to a necessity to generate an environment where children from any cultural-historical background can succeed equally with others.
The review next examines the learning processes inherent within the process delineated by the paper and finds that the process progressively enables a child to be ready, willing, and able to learn in a collaborative environment, an environment that is particularly suitable for early years when prior knowledge is minimal. The review next examines the role of teachers and finds that the paper uses a subtle meaning to this in that reinforcement is minimal with teachers simply pointing out paths by which the child can allow its own initiative to run in the direction of the intended path of the curriculum.
The review concludes favorably and states that the paper has posited a very easy-to-use way in which children in early years settings can acquire knowledge and, at the same time, sustain a trajectory of learning that is general in the sense that it is a disposition to learn in the appropriate manner with all the essential perquisites to allow such learning and that leads lifelong. Introduction Professor Guy Claxton, Professor at the University of Bristol, UK, has written many papers on the subject of early years education both in conjunction with M.
Carr and others and is well-known in this field.
Marilyn Fleer, Developmental fossils-unearthing the artefacts of early childhood education: the reification of ‘Child Development’, Australian Journal of Early Childhood, Vol. 30, No. 2, June 2005, Pages: 2-7. Extracted on 18th November, 2005, from: http://www.earlychildhoodaustralia.org.au/australian_journal_of_early_childhood/ajec_index_abstracts/developmental_fossils_unearthing_the_artefacts_of_early_childhood_education.html
Marilyn Fleer, Using a sociocultural approach to observe children in early childhood settings. Extracted on 21st November, 2005, from: http://www.dhs.vic.gov.au/earlychildhoodmatters/docs/conference_papers/session7a_fleer.pdf#search='Marilyn%20Fleer%20sociocultural'
Melanie Nind, Enhancing the communications learning environment of an early years unit, Paper presented at the British Educational Research Association Annual Conference, 13-15 September, 2001. Extracted on 18th November, 2005, from: http://www.leeds.ac.uk/educol/documents/00001920.htm
Mergel, Brenda, Instructional Design and Learning Theory, 1998. Extracted on 21st November, 2005, from:
Seeing steps in children’s learning, Special literature, Qualifications and Curriculum Authority, Great Britain, 2005. Extracted on 18th November, 2005, from:
Smith, Anne B. and Carr, M., A case study of dispositions to learn in social context, Paper presented at European Early Childhood Education Research Association Annual Conference, Malta, September 2nd, 2004. Extracted on 18th November, 2005, from: http://www.otago.ac.nz/CIC/publications/smith04,a_case.pdf#search='Carr%20and%20Smith%20European%20Early%20Childhood'
Tinzmann, M. B., et al, What is the Collaborative Classroom? North Central Regional Educational Laboratory, 1990. Extracted on 21st November, 2005, from: http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/rpl_esys/collab.htm
Walsh, G. and Gardner, J., Assessing the Quality of Early Years Learning Environments, Early Childhood Research and Practice, Spring 2005, Vol. 7, No. 1. Extracted on 18th November, 2005, from: http://ecrp.uiuc.edu/v7n1/walsh.html
Winn, W. and Windschitl, M., Towards an Explanatory Framework for Learning in Artificial Environments, August 2001. Extracted on 21st November, 2005, from: http://depts.washington.edu/edtech/learning_envs.html