Publisher: Elsevier IncIntroductionOrganizational legitimacy is an important aspect in the study of organizational behavior because it strives to explain the importance of acquiring some sense of appropriateness in the organization in order to meet the stipulated law or adhere to the communities in which the businesses operate standards and expectations in the quest to maintain the sustainability of any particular organization. This paper seeks to critically analyze a research work title gaining legitimacy through hiring local workforce at a premium: The case of MNEs in the United Arab Emirates conducted by Forstenlechner and Mellahi with the aim of looking into the process of acquiring external organizational legitimacy in UAE based Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) through the use of locals manpower (Forstenlechner andMellahi 2010). This paper will criticize this research work under the following subheadings, introduction, statement of the problem, literature review, conceptualization, research methodology, data analysis, results interpretation and discussions, applicability and readability of the research work. Introduction of the research workThe authors have introduced the subject understudy appropriately be defining the terms within the topic such as external legitimacy and expounding on the global stance of the topic understudy.
The introduction also goes ahead to identify the indicators that will be used in the study to identify MNEs that have utilized the local workforce. Within the introduction the authors were in line to identify the three research questions which can also be taken to represent the objectives that the study intended to achieve. The research questions are in line with the topic understudy as the authors wanted to know how the sampled MNEs acquire external legitimacy, the drivers and benefits of the same (Forstenlechner andMellahi 2010).
However in my opinion I think that the authors would have come up with a more convincing introduction if they would have availed some information with regards to the trend of national’s employability and their role towards actualizing external legitimacy. Further approaching the introduction from a broader perspective towards a narrow perspective by looking at the external legitimacy of companies from a global perspective and narrowing down to UAE would have improved on the richness of this work as this would have illustrated more awareness and command of the topic understudy by the authors. Statement of the problemThe authors have also identified the problem understudy as the need for Multinational enterprises to acquire external legitimacy as the subject has gathered a lot of attention globally thus necessitating the need to highlight the emerging trend of employing indigenous members of the society as opposes to foreigners in order to create a conducive working environment for multinational organizations based in UAE (Forstenlechner andMellahi 2010). To support their problem statement, the authors have gone further to indicate the value of external legitimacy to multinational enterprises which are considered as a liability especially when operating in foreign lands and thus necessitating the need to find out how the MNEs manage to acquire external legitimacy, internal and external factors that drive the need to acquire legitimacy and the benefits associated with companies that have employed the tactic of employing nationals in their organizations in order to achieve popularity among the locals, adhere to the law and be in line with the governing political class (Forstenlechner andMellahi 2010).