Correlations among Depression, Suicidal Tendencies, Bullying, Cyberbullying, Experiences of Victimization, and Suicide in High School Students – Article Example
Article Critique Paper al Affiliation Article Critique Paper a. Complete & proper APA style citation Bauman, S., Toomey, R., & Walker, J. (2013). Associations among bullying, cyberbullying, and
suicide in high school students. Journal of Adolescence, 16, 341-350.
b. Purpose & Design
The purpose of the study was explicitly identified as closely evaluating correlations among the following variables: depression, suicidal tendencies, bullying, as well as experiences of victimization. Moreover, the authors disclosed that the conceptual framework of interpersonal theory of suicide, the cognitive theory of depression, as well as the cognitive triad (which reportedly consists of “negative views of self, the world, and the future” (Bauman, Toomey, & Walker, 2013, p. 342) in establishing any relationship between bullying, victimization, and suicide. As such, the authors “hypothesize that victimization leads to or exacerbates depression by contributing to the cognitive triad” (Bauman, Toomey, & Walker, 2013, p. 342). The authors intended to test their hypothesis through utilization of the 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey and a two-stage cluster sampling. The data is then analyzed in terms of variables acting as mediator between preponderance to suicidal attempts through structural equation modeling. Finally, the authors also examined whether “the mediated pathways differed by gender, (through) … the Wald test of parameter constraints” (Bauman, Toomey, & Walker, 2013, p. 344).
The participants were composed of 1,491 high school students who were reportedly included in the 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. The demographic profiles of the participants were: 49% female from Grades 9 to 12 and of different racial or ethnic orientation; where majority (46%) were Whites and seconded by Hispanics or Latinos at 24.1% (Bauman, Toomey, & Walker, 2013).
d. Measured Variables
The independent variables were: traditional victimization, cyber victimization, traditional bullying, and cyber bullying. The dependent variables were: depression and suicide attempt. These were measured using the bootstrapping method, as well as the Wald test of parameter constraints.
The results revealed that depression clearly mediated a link between victimization and suicide. The correlation apparently differs across genders. As emphasized, “depression mediated the link between cyber victimization and suicide attempts only for females. Similarly, depression mediated the link between traditional bullying and suicide attempts for females only. Depression did not mediate the link between cyber bullying and suicide attempts for either gender” (Bauman, Toomey, & Walker, 2013, p. 341). Thus, the results supported the researchers’ hypothesis.
The information and lessons imparted from the article are deemed to be valuable and beneficial to psychosocial practitioners, educators, and readers who are interested in the subject. The authors clearly presented and structured the discourse in an effective manner that assisted in increased comprehensibility of the main points. The manner by which tables and visual illustrations were used also assisted in highlighting the gist of the topics being discussed. For instance, the tabular presentation of demographic characteristics of the sample immensely enhanced understanding of the composition of the participants. Likewise, the procedure and data analysis portions were explained in the most concisely understandable manner where readers from varied fields of endeavors could relate to. It was also commendable that the authors included implications for prevention and intervention, as well as limitations were future studies could focus on undertaking a longitudinal study which incorporates other forms of data collection methods. Overall, the article was effective in achieving the authors’ defined goals and assisted readers in enhancing their understanding on the impact of students’ tendencies for depression to preponderances for victimization and suicidal attempts. Thus, appropriate measures should focus on addressing these factors to prevent harm, injury, or death to occur due to bullying.