Archaeology Topic – Article Example
Archaeology Experimental archaeology It is a field of study in archaeology that attempts to come up with and conduct tests to archaeological tests (Ferguson 99). They do so by approximating the feasibility of various ancient cultures to conduct different tasks. It uses different techniques, methods, approaches, and even analysis based on the available archaeological source. A common experimental archaeology is creating different copies of historical cultures using only the relevant historical technologies that are accurate. This is mostly referred to as reconstruction archaeology. However, because reconstruction implies coming up with an exact replica of a past structure, and experimental archaeology only involves an individual’s reconstruction of their idea, the correct term to use is the working of a past’s construction. An example is the Butser farm in Hampshire, which resembles an Iron Age farmstead where archaeological hypothesis in pre-historic agriculture, manufacturing, and animal husbandry are tested (Cunningham, Heeb and Paardekooper 123).
There are other forms of experimental archaeology where modern replica artifacts and also ecofacts are buried for varying time periods to analyze the depositional effects that occur in them. Other involves buildings of earthworks to measure the effects that results from sitting in long ditches and weathering. Such studies help in understanding how monuments would have appeared. Flintknappers work is also a form of experimental archaeology due to their enabling of individuals to learn a lot from making them (Millson 100). Various studies have resulted into the experimental archaeologists equipping individual professionals such as butchers with various flint tools to judge the effectiveness of the tools for different tasks. The user of such tools with various wear traces on the given modern flint tools are compared to other traces of similar design on the archaeological artifacts making a hypothesis on type of use feasible. Hand axes have been effective in cutting mainly animal’s meat from the bone and also jointing it.
Cunningham, Penny, Julia Heeb and Roeland Paardekooper. Experiencing archaeology by experiment. Oxford, UK: Oxbow Books, 2008 .
Ferguson, Jeffrey R. Designing experimental research in archaeology. Boulder, Colo: University Press of Colorado, 2010.
Millson, Dana C E. Experimentation and interpretation. Oxford: Oakville, 2011.