Obesity in Children and Adolescents – Article Example

The paper "Obesity in Children and Adolescents" is an exceptional example of an article review on nursing.
This article critically analyses the relationship between vitamin D deficiency and secondary hyperthyroidism in obese and Non-obese children as well as adolescents. The article was published in Pakistan journal of biological sciences (Cali & Caprio, 2008).
Problem statement and purpose of the study
The study focuses to establish the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and secondary hyperparathyroidism among obese children. Obesity in children has significantly increased within the last 20 years; this has led to an increase in utilization of health care services in the country (Ogden, Carroll, Kit, & Flegal, 2012b). Moreover, the health care services have become expensive due to this increase in demand from the sick population (Ogden, Carroll, Kit, & Flegal, 2012a).
Literature review
Obesity is one of the health problems that is affecting both the developing and developed countries globally. Over the last two decades, this problem has exponentially increased to high levels thus putting many individuals at risk of getting diseases like hypertension and diabetes among others (Sorof & Daniels, 2002). Additionally, obesity subjects individuals to endocrine disorders and metabolic disorders such as low vitamin D synthesis in the body. This has led to increased morbidity in children thus increasing the burden on the countries health care system (Lobstein, Baur, & Uauy, 2004).
Overweight and obese children are at the highest risk of developing vitamin D deficiency and secondary hyperparathyroidism. It is, therefore, imperative to note that, obese children should be given vitamin D supplements to prevent them from developing vitamin D deficiency related conditions.