The Problem of Food Insecurity and Undernourishment in the World – Annotated Bibliography Example

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The paper "The Problem of Food Insecurity and Undernourishment in the World" is a good example of an annotated bibliography on sociology. Research Question: Does the development of Genetically Modified Organisms solve the problem of food insecurity and undernourishment in the world?     Hypothesis – if appropriate:   Development of the GMO technology has failed to address the food insecurity and undernourishment problems in many parts of the world.     Rationale: Production of genetically modified organisms fails to present the needed solution to the problem of food scarcity in various parts of the world. At the time of discovery of this technology so much was expected in terms of what it can do to protect plants and supply food to the hungry populations of the world.

However, the case has turned out to be different since at the moment many cases of famine are still being experienced in parts of the world where poor populations exist. Biotechnology has been blamed for claiming that it can increase nutrition and reduce world hunger at the same time. Biotechnology companies have been found to be profit-driven instead of genuinely seeking to eradicate world hunger or raise nutritional levels Young (2004).

The GMOs that are produced such tomatoes only serve those who want to increase their profit margins because they will lower the production cost of tomato paste used in fast foods. The essential food crops used principally in Africa such as cassava or cowpeas are yet to be modified. The GMO technology has been around for some time now but the problem of food scarcity is still biting hard in many parts of the African continent. This technology does not even bring benefits to developing world economies.

Through the frost-resistant biotechnology, the crops that do well in tropical countries may be modified so that they grow in the developed countries with colder climates. This could destroy the backbone of many economies in the south of the globe. The world at the moment still has a high number of people suffering from undernourishment. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that there are 925 people who are the undernourished world over Mzinga (2005). GMO technology has also failed to penetrate some parts of the world strongly because of the belief that the food produced using this technology is not safe for human consumption.

Many hungry populations have their own reservations over these foods and this has contributed to the failure of the technology to solve world food problems.

References

O’Leary, Z. (2004) The Essential Guide to Doing Research. London: Sage.

O'Leary, Z. (2005) Researching Real-World Problems: A Guide to Methods of Inquiry. London: Sage.

Arnold, J., Poston, C. and Witek, K. (1999) Research writing in the information age, Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Babbie, E.R. (2007) ‘The ethics and politics of social research’ in The practice of social research, 11th ed, Belmont CA: Thomson Wadsworth, Chapter 3, pp. 60-84.

Berger, P. and Luckmann, T. (1967) The social construction of reality: a treatise in the sociology of knowledge, New York: Anchor. (Seminal Work)

Young T. (2004). Genetically modified organisms and Bio safety: A back ground paper for decision makers and others to assist in consideration of GMO issues. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge UK.

Evenson E. R. (2003) GMOs: Prospects for increased crop productivity in developing countries; Yale University economic growth centre.

Mzinga J. (2005) GMOs: Beyond fact and fiction: A challenging dilemma to food security and food sovereignty in east, central and southern Africa; Pelum Association.

Lee M. (2008) E.U regulation of GMOs; Law and decision making for a new technology, Northampton Edward Elgar publishing, Inc.

Birgit Muller (2006) GMOs; Global objects of contention; Stichting Focaal.

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