The paper "The Right to the City" is a worthy example of an annotated bibliography on social science. The article by David Harvey looks at the capitalist process and the way in which the city has acted as the space for investing the surplus capital. According to this article, this is done by the use of constant construction boom which can be in the infrastructure or housing sector. According to the paper, the author claims that the global crisis had a big impact on some of the cities globally.
This is because the cities were highly implicated by the conditions which led to the crisis. The cities affected by the global crisis are now offering an opportunity to what is defined as marginalized classes who are expected to come together and control the surpluses which come out at the expense of these cities. According to the author, uniting the marginalized globally can have the ability to demand a human right in the city which is beyond gaining access to individual urban resources. This is an article that looks at recreating ourselves as we recreate our cities which is an addition to having higher values of equality and social justice. According to the author, we are living in a world where the right of the property has been trumping on all other types of rights.
In this paper, another form of right defined as a human right is explored. The author also looks at whether the rapid urbanization of the last hundred years has enhanced human wellbeing. The right to the city according to the author is more than just the individual liberty in accessing the city resources.
It has the right to change ourselves while at the same time changing the city. The author claims this is more of a common right as opposed to being an individual right. This is because the expected transformation is based on collective power with the aim of changing the urbanization process. According to Harvey, the freedom to remake our cities is one of the most left out and ignored human rights despite its importance. For capitalism to survive, the surplus they produce must be absorbed. The author looks at capitalism as a class phenomenon where the surplus is extracted from someone somewhere, and the control of their disbursement is given to few people.
Urbanization is based on the ability to mobilize the surplus produced. This creates a connection between urbanization and capitalism. The surplus that is produced by capitalism has to be reinvested to have surplus value. This reinvestment according to the author leads to an expansion of surplus production based on a compound rate. This has been paralleled by the growth of urbanization during the capitalist period. According to Harvey, we live in conflict-prone and divided urban areas.
This is where the class power has been restored to the rich. The current cities are made up of fortified segments, consisting of gated communities and public places have been privatized. There is private redistribution which occurs through criminal activity.