Nationality and Cultural Pluralism – Annotated Bibliography Example

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The paper “ Nationality and Cultural Pluralism”   is an informative example of annotated bibliography on social science. In chapter five, nationality and cultural pluralism have been discussed in detail. These factors play a key role in understanding the stand of Islam in what is termed as the politics in place in the regions where they reside. In this study, it is evident that nationalism still remains one of the key elements which have a significant influence on how individuals in states live and relate. Liberals to date believe that it is because of the oppression and the force from outsiders which brought about the aspect of struggle and a price for all, especially the Islam community. After World War II, it became evident that it was important for the governments to set their goals in maintaining a step that would promote nationality.

The question which became of great concern after this war was whether the government would be able to recognize or identify individuals and groups which were within the boundaries and range of the states. So as to adequately answer this question, it became evident that the aspect of pluralism.

This phenomenon was established so as to promote and conserve culturalism as well as radical multiculturalism. The interesting thing that I learned was that conservative nationalism is an aspect which entails giving favor to nationalism in totality. This simply meant realizing that the national identities that we have, whether having a past history or are current, matters so much to us because it shapes the way we live with others and the way we also conduct ourselves in a nation. This phenomenon stresses on the aspect that our identities are more important than any other aspect which we encounter every day in our lives.

It also implies should have liberal powers which it should exercise on the citizens so as to be able to enable them to live harmoniously. These liberal policies encompass aspects like making them have their own freedom of doing things and encouraging each citizen to fight for his or her own rights. Radical multiculturalism, on the other hand, implies that promoting individuals and group identity regardless of the diverse backgrounds that each person has.

This aspect realizes the importance of diverse culture as an aspect of creating flourishment and co-existence in the society. Proponents of this view state that individuals who have diversity in religious beliefs, gender, ethnicity, and age should be recognized in the way they are and not merely disregarding them. From this point of view, human life is considered a very fundamental aspect which is spiced by the way in which the diversities are seen and taken into consideration. Cultural pluralism implies taking every person as a citizen who can contribute to any policies in place, the establishment of the laws in the nation, and in the contribution of key issues which are very fundamental in a nation.

Aspects like multicultural and multiculturalism are often used in a manner in which it creates no clear meaning to people. It is therefore very fundamental to consider pluralism as an issue that is very critical when dealing with the diverse cultures that people hold together in a state.


Bertrand, Jacques. (2004). Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict in Indonesia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Princeton University Press.

Hefner, Robert. (2000). Civil Islam: Muslims and Democratization in Indonesia. Princeton, NJ: New York press

Duara, Prasenjit. (1995). Rescuing History from the Nation: Questioning Narratives of Modern China. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

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