The paper "Psychology: Culture And The Self" is a wonderful example of an annotated bibliography on psychology. Chua, Hannah Faye. , Leu, Janxin. , and Nisbett, Richard E. “ Culture and Diverging Views of Social Events. ” Society for Personality and Social Psychology. The article by Chua, Leu, and Nisbett makes an important comparison of the East Asians’ and Americans’ views of everyday social events in order to find out the influence of culture on the diverging views of social events. One of the major findings of the research conducted is that the Americans tend to focus more on the self and to have a greater sense of personal agency than East Asians.
The study also analyzed how these two groups differed in their understanding of social events. Ultimately, the study makes a significant contribution to the understanding of “ the cultural differences in perceptions of physical stimuli, artificial social stimuli, and recollection of events concerning the self. ” Hong, Ying-yi. , Ip, Grace. , Chiu, Chi-yue. , Morris, Michael W., and Menon, Tanya. “ Self Cultural Identity and Dynamic Construction of the Self: Collective Duties and Individual Rights in Chinese and American Cultures. ” In their study reported in this article, the authors examine the effects of cultural identity activation on Chinese and North Americans’ spontaneous self-concepts, using the dynamic constructivist approach to culture and cognition.
They specifically manipulate the salience of individual self (“ I” ), collective self (“ we” ), and cultural identity in order to make their conclusions. Significantly, they conclude that “ lay theories of social organization in a culture should be regarded as latent knowledge structures, which can be activated by cues in the environment. When cultural identity is activated, individuals coming from cultures with markedly different conceptions of social organization would form different spontaneous conceptions of the self. ” Singelis, Theodore M.
and Brown, William. “ Culture, Self, and Collectivist Communication; Linking Culture to Individual Behavior. ” This article by Singelis and Brown offers a theoretical framework and corresponding methodology to connect the important variables at the culture level to the individual level and, ultimately, to the specific outcome variables. The authors maintain that if there should be the advancement in theory about culture’ s influence on communication, it is important to examine how culture affects individual-level processes and how these processes affect communication.
Therefore, the various discussions and the findings of this research have great implication with regard to the understanding of culture’ s influence on communication and the relationship between culture and self.