The paper "Organisational Stressors and Work-Related Stress" is a delightful example of an annotated bibliography on management. Michie, S. (2002). Causes and management of stress at work. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 59, 67-72. This peer-reviewed article focuses on causes of stress under work-related conditions while discussing the degree of stress experienced by people with reference to physiological mechanisms, its signs, risk factors, and repercussions. The article further segregates the factors causing stress in the organizational environment into those related to the content of a job and those concerned with the social and organizational context of the work.
Hence, these factors can be categorized into intrinsic elements, role in an organization, career development, and relationships at work, organizational structure and climate along with the influence of background personal environment. While discussing causative agents, Michie (2002) further bits of advice various individual and work-related stress management strategies. The content of this article is fairly reliable as it utilizes other pre-existing authentic theoretical models for qualitative exploratory analysis. The article further addresses individuals facing occupational stress and also provides a summary of relevant literature to psychological analysts for further research on the subject matter.
Dr. Susan Michie was associated with Royal Free and University College Medical School, London at the time of publication and has a doctorate in her own field. Although the content of this article can be generalized on a larger population due to genetic causes and coping mechanisms discussed in terms of human psychology however the document dates back to 2002. Therefore, it is probable that more relevant causes must have been identified in the due time by other professional researchers.
The research performed by Michie (2002) provides a cursory view of basic factors that may cause work-related stress and how they can be handled individually as well as in organizational context. Hence, the research bears importance for not only employees facing stress but also for employers in order to reduce work-related anxiety in their workforce. Moustaka, E., & Constantinidis, T.C. (2010). Sources and effects of work-related stress in nursing. Health Science Journal, 4(4), 210-216. The research article intends to explore the causes of stress-related to a working environment in nursing occupation.
The article works on a premise that this occupation is more susceptible to work-related stress because of continuous encounters of nurses with those facing physical and mental ailments. In addition to general organizational factors like work overload, lack of power and recognition, threats to career development and work-related stability, etc, nature of work and related work conditions in specific types of hospital units play role in types and levels of stress in nurses appointed there. Hence, the stress of those working in burn units will be more severe as compared to those working in pediatrics.
The research methodology used involves a systematic review of other peer-reviewed literature on occupational stress in nurses and its impacts on their motivation and productivity. For this purpose, various databases and websites were explored. This method is reliable as well as fairly common in research focused on the exploration of emerging themes in the available literature. The intended audience of this article can be hospital employers, nursing staff and psychology professionals studying working mechanisms of nurses under specific work conditions. Eleni Moustaka is associated with the Royal Navy and has MSc in the related field.
On the other hand, Theodoros C. Constantinidis is an occupational physician with Ph. D. and has been acting as a professor at the Democritus University of Thrace, Greece. Since the research explores literature mainly available through European databases, its scope of application on other social and cultural contexts in other parts of the world can be limited. Also, the research only addresses occupational stress in nursing and therefore its findings cannot be applied to other professions. However, the research is fairly significant as it specifically addresses causes of stress inherent with the nature of employment in nursing.
Brewer, E., & McMahan-Landers, J. (2003). The relationship between job stress and job satisfaction among industrial and technical teacher educators. Journal of Career and Technical Education, 20(1), 37-51. The article focuses on examining job stress and satisfaction among post-secondary industrial and technical teacher educators with reference to intensity and frequency of stressors. The findings of the research indicate that there are multiple factors responsible for stress in educators with a lack of organizational support and poor benefits being the most prominent factors.
The influence of this particular cause is examined in the light of factors such as pay, promotion, supervision, benefits, contingent benefits, operating conditions, co-workers, nature of work, communication and total job satisfaction. The research methodology used is of quantitative nature. The research instruments used include Spielberger and Vagg’ s Job stress survey, Spector’ s job satisfaction survey and a demographic questionnaire. All these instruments are reliable as they have been used in other peer-reviewed studies.
They are also relevant as they examine the correlation of job stress, job satisfaction and influence of demographic factors. The research is significant for educators, government policymakers and private educational employers. Earnest W. Brewer has Ed. D and LPC and has been operating as a professor of Educational Administration. He has also authored and co-authored various peer-reviewed articles, books, and reports. On the other hand, Jama McMahan-Landers is associated with the University of Tennesse and has authored several peer-reviewed articles. The application of this research is limited due to small sample size and specific profession selection.
The research also faces further limitation as it does not examine institutional policies and procedures and its influence on organizational stress.