Prevention of Depression among Adolescents – Annotated Bibliography Example

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The paper “ Prevention of Depression among Adolescents”   is a breathtaking example of an annotated bibliography on psychology. The list starts with the article of Arnarson, E. O., & Craighead, E. W. (2009) "Prevention of depression among Icelandic adolescents. Behavior Research and Therapy", 47, 577-585. The article introduces an effective program that will assist in the prevention of dysthymia or depression reoccurrence. In carrying out this program, 171 fourteen-year-old adolescents were randomly picked for either a prevention program or a treatment assessment. The adolescents were reported as being at a risk since some shown symptoms of depression while others indicated a negative attitude on issues (Amarson & Craighead, 2009).

The study focuses on the enhancement of resilience in developing a psychological model in combating the existence of mood disorders among adolescents. The participants in this study were ninth-grade adolescents from Iceland. The participants’ ages ranged from 14 to 15 years. The composition of the participant was made of females (50.6%) and male (49.4%). The result of the study indicated that, out of 171 participants, 22 students dropped out prior to the posttest completion.

The other 35 participants dropped out prior to the half-year follow-up assessment. The posttest results showed that new episode diagnosis of dysthymia or/and depression was about 2.5%. The half-year follow-up results indicated that the initial episode diagnosis of dysthymia and depression was 13.3%. Mood disorders are the most burdensome and frequent disorders common among adolescents. The prevention of the initial depression episode prevents the neurodevelopment dysfunction resulting in depression. The authors of this article and those of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2007) provide strong theoretical evidence concerning the 14 and 15-year-olds as being the most vulnerable to adolescent depression.

However, there is a contradiction as to why the trend is on the rise despite the fact that the ‘ at risk’ group is known. Among the relevance of the article is helping in the prevention of dysthymia and the reoccurrence of depression. The study provides a remedy in combating adolescent’ s mood disorders through resilience enhancement by developing appropriate psychological models. The adolescents’ suicides have greatly been aggravated by mood disorders. McGuinness, T. M., Dyer, J.G. , & Wade, E.

H. (2012). Gender Differences in Adolescent Depression. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and mental health services, 50 (12), 17-19.  The article points out that adolescent depression among girls is higher in comparison to boys. This disparity can effectively be explained by using the vulnerability-stress model. The rumination tendency could also play a significant role in the continuation and development of depressive symptoms. The article suggests that, at age 18, about 12% of adolescents in America display depressive disorder; two-thirds of this population undergoes severe impairment.

References

Arnarson, E. O., & Craighead, E. W. (2009). Prevention of depression among Icelandic adolescents. Behavior Research and Therapy, 47, 577-585. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/science/article/pii/S0005796709000825

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, (2007). Key national indicator of children's health, development and wellbeing. Bulletin 58, 28. Retrieved from http://www.aihw.gov.au/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=6442452795

Thapar, A., Thapar, A. K., Collishaw, S., & Pine, D. S. (2012). Depression in adolescence. The Lacet, 379 (9820), 1056-1067. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/docview/935869716 . pdf

Trudgen, M., & Lawn, S. (2011). An Exploratory Study With Teachers of Adolescents in Regional Australia. Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 21 (2), 126-141. Retrieved from http://av4kc7fg4g.search.serialssolutions.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&ctx_enc=info%3Aofi%2Fenc%3AUTF-8&rfr_id=info:sid/summon.serialssolutions.com&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.genre=article&rft.atitle=What+is+the+threshold+of+teachers%27+recognition+and+report+of+concerns+about+anxiety+and+depression+in+students%3F%3A+An+exploratory+study+with+teachers+of+adolescents+in+regional+Australia&rft.jtitle=Australian+Journal+of+Guidance+and+Counselling&rft.au=Trudgen%2C+Michelle&rft.au=Lawn%2C+Sharon&rft.date=2011&rft.issn=1037-2911&rft.eissn=1839-2520&rft.volume=21&rft.issue=2&rft.spage=126&rft.epage=141&rft.externalDBID=n%2Fa&rft.externalDocID=634820626190760¶mdict=en-US

Nichols, J. (2011). Treating Adolescent depression with cognitive behavior therapy. Kai Tiaki Nursing New Zealand, 17 (8), 22-24. Retrieved from http://av4kc7fg4g.search.serialssolutions.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&ctx_enc=info%3Aofi%2Fenc%3AUTF-8&rfr_id=info:sid/summon.serialssolutions.com&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.genre=article&rft.atitle=Treating+adolescent+depression+with+cognitive+behaviour+therapy&rft.jtitle=Nursing+New+Zealand+%28Wellington%2C+N.Z.+%3A+1995%29&rft.au=Nichols%2C+Jenny&rft.date=2011-09-01&rft.issn=1173-2032&rft.volume=17&rft.issue=8&rft.spage=22&rft_id=info:pmid/22096821&rft.externalDocID=22096821¶mdict=en-US

McGuinness, T. M., Dyer, J.G., & Wade, E. H. (2012). Gender Differences in Adolescent Depression. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and mental health services, 50 (12), 17-19. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/docview/1221431890. pdf

Wallis, A., Roeger, L., Milan, S., Walmsley, C., & Allison, S. (2012). Behavioural activation for the treatment of rural adolescents with depression. Australian Journal of Rural Health, 20, 95-96. Retrieved from http://av4kc7fg4g.search.serialssolutions.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&ctx_enc=info%3Aofi%2Fenc%3AUTF-8&rfr_id=info:sid/summon.serialssolutions.com&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.genre=article&rft.atitle=Behavioural+activation+for+the+treatment+of+rural+adolescents+with+depression&rft.jtitle=Australian+Journal+of+Rural+Health&rft.au=Wallis%2C+Alison&rft.au=Roeger%2C+Leigh&rft.au=Milan%2C+Scott&rft.au=Walmsley%2C+Cathy&rft.date=2012-04-01&rft.pub=Blackwell+Publishing+Asia&rft.issn=1038-5282&rft.eissn=1440-1584&rft.volume=20&rft.issue=2&rft.spage=95&rft.epage=96&rft_id=info:doi/10.1111%2Fj.1440-1584.2012.01261.x&rft.externalDocID=AJR1261¶mdict=en-US

Wagner, K. D. (2011). Adolescent Depression. Psychiatric Annals, 207-208. Retrieved from http://av4kc7fg4g.search.serialssolutions.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&ctx_enc=info%3Aofi%2Fenc%3AUTF-8&rfr_id=info:sid/summon.serialssolutions.com&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.genre=article&rft.atitle=Pediatric+and+adolescent+depression&rft.jtitle=Pediatric+annals&rft.au=Wagner%2C+Karen+Dineen&rft.date=2011-06-01&rft.issn=0090-4481&rft.eissn=1938-2359&rft.volume=40&rft.issue=6&rft.spage=290&rft_id=info:pmid/21678885&rft.externalDocID=21678885¶mdict=en-US

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