The paper “ Human Relationship with Animals and the Animal Rights Movement” is a worthy example of an annotated bibliography on environmental studies. Moral obligations are the courses of action to which an individual is bound by the principles of right and wrong behavior. Human beings are the most powerful species on earth since they have the ability to think, reason and communicate effectively; therefore they can influence the behavior of other species, and so are responsible for the well being of their fellow-creatures (BBC, 2014). All creatures deserve moral considerations; a morally considerable being is one that can be wronged in a morally relevant sense and it is only humans that can respond to claims of being wrong in one way or another, in the purposeful harm done on animals by human beings is morally wrong, this is because: first of all, animals possess some intrinsic sense of right, secondly, it causes pain to the creature and thirdly, it brings about effects on the nature of our moral sensibilities as ethical agents (Carbone, 2004). Our relationship with animals has existed since the time of our ancestors, this relationship is maintained by the obligations the two groups have towards each other, and human beings carry the intelligence and thus can decide on what to do to the non-human animals.
Moral obligations are both social and individual, certain practices or institutions usually have an effect on the potential ethical view within an individual (Noel Stewart, 2009). In light of this, criteria for judgment used should take into consideration the manner in which certain acts, practices, and institutions have the effect of influencing or distorting ethical life in society (Garner, 2005).
It is not morally right to exploit animals through overworking the beasts of burden, constant hunting game meat, killing them to obtain fur for making clothes and ivory or skins, using these animals for laboratory experiments that cause pain, not feeding the animals, and environmental pollution. Therefore we should treat non-human animals in a proper and ethical way. (Klempner, 2002) IMPORTANCEAnimal rights activists and institutions have come together to curb the danger exposed to animals, this topic is important as it emphasizes the ethical obligations we as human beings have towards animals.
The increase in demand for animal products and scientific experiments has brought with it an increase in animal exploitation; this has considerably degraded the morals of the society and its members. (Kheel, 2008). Animal exploitation has become more pervasive, unlike the recent years, the abuse and suffering of non-human animals also lowers human ethical capacities and sensibilities. When we live in a society that allows and enjoys the benefits of animal suffering, then we are degrading the ethical sensibilities of an individual member.
(Patton, 2006) This topic was chosen in light with the increase in animal exploitation, it is aimed at emphasizing on the moral obligations towards animals and how the lack of observing these obligations has brought an increase in animal suffering and degradation of the society’ s values and norms, since new individuals entering the society adopt these practices without knowing its effect. It is in the best interest that we protect and improve to the best of our capacities the quality of the ethical life as a whole.