The paper “ Factors Impacting upon the Performance of Workplace Assessors” is an actual example of an annotated bibliography on sociology. Qualitative research is a type of scientific research which involves an investigation that seeks to answer questions systematically using a predestined a set of procedures to solve the problem. It uses the “ bottom-up” and the inductive method of research primarily for the purposes of exploration and description in an effort to understand how people feel, think, and experience their lives. Qualitative data is used. Evidence is collected, analysis of themes, holistic features and patterns did, and unprecedented findings produced which are applicable beyond the immediate areas the research is limited to.
The findings of qualitative research are not generalized since the focal point is usually localized, personalized, and subjective. Qualitative research on the other hand is a scientific research method that makes use of the confirmatory, deductive, or “ top-down” scientific approach. It is primarily used for explanation, prediction, and description of quantitative data. It involves the proper application of statistical methods to a large population. It is based on quantitative data and concentrates on the analysis of different variables.
The evidence is collected and the findings are statistically based on the prediction (hypothesis. ) The goal of quantitative research is usually to generalize the findings. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods differ mainly in the objectives of the study, the kind of research questions used, types of data collection instruments, the form of data produced by these instruments, and the extent of flexibility of the study design. The following table adapted from Snap Surveys (2011) website summarizes the differences between qualitative and quantitative research methods. Table 1.
Differences between qualitative and quantitative research methods. Qualitative ResearchQuantitative Research
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