The paper “ Socialization, Identity, and Interaction in Sociology” is a meaty version of annotated bibliography on sociology. Fulcher, James and Scott, J. (2011) in their work of the same name published in New York: Oxford University Press discuss the complexity of sociology issues. Hochschild argues that emotional work management is expressed as an integral part of a particular type of work. She states cultural norms also shape our emotions that are determined by our interaction. The occupations we have to involve emotional labour to a certain level either high or lower level.
The author has observed the behavioural change or adaptation to work, and they relate in their occupation surrounding. She maintains a positive attitude towards work like smiling or proper body posture and show attention to detail are always the right candidates for a job. She stresses on training new employees on good job mannerism like proper dressing, language and good humour. All customers whether rude or polite should be treated well but also be able to maintain discipline on any unruly client. Work ethics should be trained across all employees to achieve proper performance. 2- Fulcher, James and Scott, J.
(2011). Sex, Gender and Sexuality. In Sociology. Chapter 5 149 88. New York: Oxford University Press. Sex refers to the way we distinguish between male and female. Gender is related to how men and women are expected to behave. Sexuality means sex behaviour that is physical arousing. While it was believed some of the jobs were preserved for certain sexes, this is not the case though some people still hold that opinion. Sexuality can also be determined according to one's shape or behaviour.
The writer discusses the Y and X chromosomes that determine gender. But, some people can neither fall in any of the two and are called the intersex. Such sexes are hard to determine, but such people can identify themselves with a particular sex. Writer Judith Butler (1990) argues that gender cannot determine sex but gender shapes sex. People of one sex fit better in the community than those of intersex. There are sexual characteristics that also define the two genders male and female. Most men are taller than women though not all women are short. 3- Fulcher, James and Scott, J.
(2011). Crime and Deviance. In Sociology. 226-64 New York: Oxford University Press. Deviance is doing what is opposite to the norm of the laid rules and procedures. Defiant people behave in a different way from normal customs. This behaviour can also be said to be abnormal. Some people have defended deviance to be functional as it challenges the norms other people are used to. When deviants are punished, it only affirms their actions and promotes solidarity among the people who believe in it.
It can also cause solidarity amongst those who don’ t believe in deviance. Some sociologist argues that it’ s good to have deviance in society. Deviance can also be seen across cultures due to their different cultural values. This is also determined by different age groups and peer pressure. If you carry out an opinion poll on a controversial subject, you will be surprised that there will be supporters who can be termed as deviance and on the other hand those that oppose your issue.
Fulcher, James and Scott, J. (2011) Socialization, Identity, and Interaction. In Sociology. Chapter 4. 111-148 New York: Oxford University Press.
Fulcher, James, and Scott, J. (2011). Sex, Gender, and Sexuality. In Sociology. Chapter 5 149-88. New York: Oxford University Press.
Fulcher, James, and Scott, J. (2011). Crime and Deviance. In Sociology. 226-64 New York: Oxford University Press.
Steph, L. (2008). Who do you think you are? Kinship, Inheritance, and Identity. In Identity Sociology. Perspectives Cambridge, Policy
Fulcher, James and Scott, J. (2011) Racial and Ethnic Identities. In Sociology. 189-225. New York: Oxford University Press
Tia, D, (2000). Music in Everyday Life Cambridge University Press
Susan H.C. Questioning the generational divide: Technological Exoticism and Adult Constructions of online youth identity. Youth, identity and digital media 71-94
Steph, L. (2008). Introduction: Identity as a Question. In Identity. Sociological Perspectives. Cambridge: Polity.
House, S. (2015). The Growing Generational Divide May 8 Pg. A25, New York. New York Edition.
Hammond, R., Cheney, P. & Pearsey R. (2015). Introduction to Sociology. Crime and Deviance Chap 8. Rocky Ridge Press