Annotated Bibliography – Annotated Bibliography Example
The Weakening Family Bond Resulted in the Rise of Socialism during the Industrialization Period in the United s Introduction
The industrial revolution led to the establishment of new social, political and economic ideologies in America. The factory system that emerged from increased manufacturing and production activities led to urbanization and a burgeoning working class. Economic improvements were realized and America experienced prosperity and improved political and economic stability. However, the benefits came at a cost. The transition to an industrial economy was accompanied by weakened family bonds. This paper presents an annotated bibliography of three sources to underpin the weakening family bonds resulting from the working pressure, the emotional disorders arising from broken family bonds, and how socialism resolved the problem.
Starbuck, Gene. Is there a post-industrial family form? An exploration using global data. 43rd Annual Conference Western Social Sciences Association, April 18-22, 2001.
The article offers a comprehensive documentation of the changes in family structures that accompaniment industrialization. Starbuck begins with a critical overview of William Goode’s work on world revolution and family patterns to assert the argument that western families were not entirely harmonious units or ideally extended. However, the author uses Goode’s analysis to reveals interesting changes such as the rise of conjugal family units that coincided with the industrial revolution. The article proceeds to overview changes such as the emergence of egalitarian families, disappearance of economic exchanges during marriages and the impact on mate selection based on choice. The author expellers the link between Industrialization and individualism on one hand, and the relationship between individualism and increased rate of divorce rates on the other hand. A large part of the article discusses the family changes that occurred during the industrial revolution. Further, the article examines family changes in the post-industrial revolution.
Starbuck employs data from the 1995 World Values Survey, under the Institute of Social Research. A critical discussion of the article is also provided making the masterpiece one of the most comprehensive.
The article provides an important source for underpinning the effects of industrialization and the weakening family bonds resulting from working pressure. Starbuck illustrates how families were affected. He argues that families became smaller during industrialization and kinship groups lost their previous importance. However, Starbuck explains how persons still maintained contacts with extended family members. This compares well with the modified extended family units that best describes the American families before the post-industrial period. Starbuck did not discuss the family alterations in the post-industrialization period although it appears clear that changes during the industrial revolution continued to manifest.
Drukteinis, Albert. The growth of employment stress claims: workers’ compensation, discrimination, harassment and accommodation problems. New England Psychodiagnostics, 2005.
Drukteinis examines the emotional disorders and employment stress that accompanied industrialization. The article explores the relationship between emotional disorders and workers issues during the industrial revolution. A discussion of the stress-related illnesses is included. These include depressive disorders, suicides, loss of earnings due to industrial-related accidents and workplace violence. In part 2, the Drukteinis explains the link between work and stress. The author underpins the argument that the nature of work creates pressure on individual workers. Further, Drukteinis explains how the development of plants and machinery dominated economic life, and how accidents resulting from these changes led to physical injuries and emotional traumas. The issue of worker compensation is also discussed in length, especially how compensation laws were designed to address mental claims.
In part 3, Drukteinis examines the federal laws passed to protect workers against employment inequalities and the relevance of psychosocial issues in drafting such laws. In particular, Drukteinis emphasizes the need to protect workers from workplace discrimination and harassment. Part 4 of the article examines issues related to the diagnosis of mental problems in the workplace. These include independent assessments and the need to have clear understanding of the complete medical and psychological history of workers, conditions of service and collateral feedback. Part five examines the complex social and cultural factors leading to stress-related illness. Drukteinis argues the need to have a comprehensive analysis of industrial stress claims and the interconnectedness with socio-cultural shifts in the workplace, compensation claims, medicalization of society and federal laws.
Buhle, Mari. Women and American Socialism, 1870-1820. New York: University of Illinois Press, 1983. Print.
Buhle’s book examines how ideological integrity affected the way in which socialists handled issues related to women’s emancipation, especially German-Americans. The book explores how socialism bolstered working-class family and protected woman’s domestic role. More importantly, the book examines socialist women organizations in the 1870s, and how such organizations contributed in reestablishing family and cultural bonds. Buhle explains the consolidation of male labor force amidst the industrial revolution and the issues of wage labor.
Buhle’s splendid book offers a comprehensive demonstration on the place of women through the labor history. The book uses imaginative and exhaustive research to underpin the benefits of socialism. The masterpiece is an important literature in deepening the understanding of the ways in which socialism resolved the problems of weakening family bonds and emotional disorders resulting from wok pressures in the industrial revolution.