Political Reforms in Saudi Arabia – Annotated Bibliography Example

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing

The paper "Political Reforms in Saudi Arabia" is a good example of a politics annotated bibliography.   The author engages the reader of the article is a critical discourse concerning the political reforms in Saudi. While the paper argues that the alleged reforms are empty reforms that jeopardize the country, the author, a Ph. D. candidate in Public Administration, first admits to the fact that the Saudi rules have enacted quite a number of rules. This head-on approach arouses the intuition of the reader engaging the approach. By discussing the current political and reforms undertaken, there is ground to analyze the reforms.

The current political system's key highlight is the absence of the constitution and public participation in leadership. The author juxtaposes the reasons why there is a need for reforms and the reasons for the absence of the constitution and public participation. The paper argues that there is a need to protect the country from instability and to enhance top-level governance. Additionally, reforms are vital to guide the transfer of power between royal generations. There are as well reasons hindering reforms: the Quran and Sunah regard as the constitution and the royal family’ s reluctance to reforms. Reforms that were intended to increase transparency, public participation, and political decentralization have failed to deliver results for reasons that are linked with the royal family.

Citing corruption, Saudi had a 3.5 index. Saudi is highly stable but needs sustainability and reforms provide for this. Is it a need or a luxury? The answer to this as deduced from the paper is relative to who answers: either the political royal class or the Saudi public. Albadi, F. (2007), Fiscal Decentralization in Developing Countries: A Proposed Framework for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

A Research Paper prepared for the 27th International Congress, 9-14th July 2007, Abu Dhabi, UAE The author is motivated by the global interest in fiscal decentralization and the current reforms in Saudi Arabian political, economic and administrative platforms to examine the current budgetary process and make a contribution to the same. The paper analyzes Saudi’ s reforms in the light of other countries. It indicates that in any decentralization, governments must stabilize prices for vital commodities, ensure socially acceptable levels of wealth distribution and market access and efficient resource allocation.

This is along with the values of decentralization. Having cited fiscal decentralization and financial reforms in countries at par with Saudi Arabia the paper makes a strong appeal for fiscal reforms in the Saudi Arabian budgetary process. There has been increased revenue from the oil industry. However, the challenge is meeting the diverse needs of a fast-growing young population. This is in addition to ensuring accountability and equity among the nation’ s provinces. The king is cited noting that some province has not had an equal share of the national resources.

Local and regional authorities need to be empowered with the budgetary portion and responsibility for accountability. This need for fiscal decentralization implies several implications for the authorities. Institutional frameworks and structures must be set up. This is in addition to capacity building and reformation and relocation of the budgetary process and development planning down to the province level.


Albassam, B., (2011). Political Reforms in Saudi Arabia: Necessity or Luxury? Middle East Studies Online Journal, vol.3 (6), pp. 175-197

Albadi, F. (2007), Fiscal Decentralization in Developing Countries: A Proposed Framework for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A Research Paper prepared for the 27th International Congress, 9-14th July, 2007, Abu Dhabi, UAE

Mandeli, K. (2010). Promoting Public Space Governance in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Ali, A, (2009), Business and Management Environment in Saudi Arabia: Challenges and Opportunities for Multinational Corporations. New York: Routledge

Middle East Watch. (1992). Empty reforms: Saudi Arabia's new basic laws. New York: Human Rights Watch

Niblock, T & Malik, M. (2007), The Political Economy of Saudi Arabia. New York: Routledge

Looney, R. (2004). Saudization and Sound Economic Reforms: Are the Two Compatible? Strategic Insights, Vol.3 (2), 1-11.

Institute of Diplomatic Studies. (2007). “Political and Economic Reforms in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.” In the Diplomat, Issue 6- March 2007, pp. 27-36

Qobo, M., & Soko, M. (2010, October ). Saudi Arabia as an Emerging Market: Commercial Opportunities and Challenges for South Africa. Emerging Powers and Global Challenges Programmes, Occasional Paper No. 69 , pp. 1-16.

Sadi, M. & Al-Ghazali, B. (2009). Doing Business with impudence:a focus on women entreprenuership in Saudi Arabia. Academic Journals, Vol. 4 (1), 1-11

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Contact Us